• Battery Fire Protection 

    Detection * Cooling * Suppression

Batteries and Fire

Battery electric fires can be a serious concern due to the potential risks they pose. 

Here are some key concerns associated with battery electric fires:

  • Rapid Spread: Battery fires can spread quickly. Lithium-ion batteries, commonly used in electronics, can release high amounts of energy if they short-circuit, overheat, or become damaged. This rapid release of energy can escalate the fire rapidly.
  • Toxic Fumes: When batteries catch fire, they can release toxic fumes, such as carbon monoxide and other harmful gases. Inhaling these fumes can be dangerous and pose health risks to individuals in the vicinity of the fire.
  • Difficulty in Extinguishing: Traditional methods of fire extinguishing, like water, may not be effective for battery fires. Using water on a battery fire can actually exacerbate the situation, spreading chemicals and causing the fire to intensify.
  • Risk of Re-ignition: Even if a battery fire appears to be extinguished, there is a risk of re-ignition. Without proper cooling and containment measures, the fire can reignite and pose a continued threat.
  • Environmental Impact: Battery fires can have environmental consequences. The chemicals and materials within batteries can release pollutants into the air and water sources, leading to environmental contamination.
  • Property Damage: Battery fires can cause significant property damage due to the intensity of the flames and the difficulty in extinguishing them. Electronic devices, vehicles, and structures can be at risk in the event of a battery fire.
  • Safety Risks: Above all, battery fires pose safety risks to individuals near the fire. Evacuation may be necessary, and there is a potential for burns, smoke inhalation, and other injuries if proper precautions are not taken.

It's crucial to handle and store devices with batteries carefully, follow manufacturer guidelines for charging and use, and be prepared with appropriate fire safety measures to minimize the risks associated with battery electric fires.

Methods to Minimize Battery Fires

Battery Electric Fires can be Managed with the following Methods

  • Early Detection of Battery Fire Risk using Gas Detection of Off Gassing, before the Battery experiences Thermal Run-Away.
  • Detecting Abnormal Battery Conditions using the Battery Management System to Shut-Off the Battery.
  • Rapid Cooling of the Battery Cells before Thermal run-Away, Cooling the Battery so Thermal Run-Away does not occur.  Utilizing Water Mist and/or Cooling Agents (FK-5-1-12).
  • Reduce Re-ignition with Rapid Water Mist Cooling and Aerosol Fire Suppression.
  • Waste Stream Detection using Cameras and X-Ray with AI Processing and Identification.
Energy Storage (BESS/ESS)
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
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Energy Storage (BESS/ESS)

Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS)
Preventing failures by detecting anomalies

Lithium ion energy storage systems have gained widespread popularity in recent years due to their high energy density and long lifespan. However, these systems also come with risks, including the potential for thermal runaway events. Thermal runaway occurs when the internal temperature of a lithium ion battery rises rapidly, leading to the release of gases and an increase in pressure. If left unchecked, this process can lead to explosions or fires.

One of the key ways to prevent thermal runaway events is through the use of sensors that can detect off-gases or first venting events. The best sensor for this purpose is a sensor that can detect volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

VOCs is a reliable indicator of thermal runaway events. As the internal temperature of a lithium ion battery increases, it can release a variety of volatile organic compounds, including acetone, formaldehyde, and acrolein. These compounds are toxic and can pose a significant hazard if inhaled. By detecting the presence of VOCs, a sensor can help to prevent exposure to these dangerous gases.

In addition to detecting VOCs, it is important for the sensor to be able to operate in a wide range of temperatures and environments. Lithium ion batteries are often used in a variety of applications, including electric vehicles, portable electronics, and renewable energy storage systems. As such, the sensor needs to be able to function effectively in a range of temperature and humidity conditions.

As shown in multiple studies, a sensor that can detect VOCs is the best option for identifying off-gases or first venting events in lithium ion energy storage systems. By detecting these gases at an early stage, engineers can take action to try to prevent the escalation or propagation of a thermal runaway event and trying to reduce the risk of explosions or fires.

Off Gassing and Heat Detection Sensing with Protectowire Infra-Sensing Sensors and Platform

Off Gas and Explosion Venting Solutions with IEP Technologies Venting Solutions

Rapid Battery Cooling and Fire Suppression/Containment with Fogmaker Water Mist

Fire Run-Away suppression utilizing KIWA tested Aerosol Fire Suppression Systems.

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

Early Warning

Early Warning of Thermal Run-Away with the USSC Early Failure Detection Sensor

Rapid Cooling and Suppression

Fogmaker High Pressure Water Mist provides Rapid Cooling before Run-Away and Suppression and Containment after Run-Away

Thermal Run-Away Fire Suppression

Aerosol Fire Suppression has been proven and tested to stop the Thermal Run-Away. 

Certified & Tested.

The AF-X Fireblocker has been tested and certified for effectiveness in suppressing Li-ion battery fires.
As it turned out, the AF-X Fireblocker was able to successfully suppress battery fires by successfully blocking the thermal runaway process.

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Contact Us Today to Help Protect Your Operation

From Battery Fires



896 Chapman Rd Cobble Hill BC  V0R 1L4